Saturday, January 20, 2018

Long Vowel e

Long vowels a, e, i, o, and u are the second set of vowels taught to kids, after they master the short vowels a, e, i, o, and u. The sound of the long vowel is the same as the way we pronounce the name of the vowel. Here, we will be talking about the long e sound /ē/, made by several vowel combinations.

Differences between short and long vowels: 

It is quite useful here to teach students the differences between short and long vowels.

Short vowel sounds are mainly seen in c-v-c words. In these words, the vowel is a syllable followed by a consonant. These sounds are also seen in v-c type of words as in an, at, where again the vowel is followed by a consonant. The vowel in the syllable in these words is a closed syllable as it is followed by the consonant. Such vowel makes the short vowel sound. Therefore, short vowels are a result of closed syllables. Examples include fat, met, bid, bog, and cut (Short vowels a, e, i, o and u respectively)

On the other hand, long vowel e sound is often found in open syllables as in the words, Examples: he, she, we, be and me, etc.

Short vowels are pronounced as /ă/, /ĕ/, /ĭ/, /ŏ/, and /ŭ/. respectively Whereas long vowels say their own name represented as /ā/, /ē/, /ī/, /ō/, and /ū/ respectively.

S No.
Short Vowels
Long Vowels
Make the short sounds represented by /ă/, /ĕ/, /ĭ/, /ŏ/, and /ŭ/.
Say their own name represented by /ā/, /ē/, /ī/, /ō/, and /ū/.
Found in closed syllables
Found in open syllables

Pronunciation of Long vowel e:
Begin with the tongue which should be slightly pushed forward yet still within the relaxed position of the mouth. The jaw remains closed and the tongue is placed high in the mouth.

Vowel teams such as ea, ee, ei and ey make the long e sound. 
Rule to follow: “Sound of the first vowel is dominant, saying its own name and the second vowel is silent.”
Vowel teams that make the long e sound are:
ea as in the word beak
ee as in the word seed
ei as in the word seize
ey as in the word key

Other vowel combinations (ie) and vowels (e, i and y) that make the long e sound are:
ie as in the word chief,
e as in the word ego,
y as in the word baby,
i as in the word ski


Word list (ea) words:

Words made by the vowel combination ea are:
eat, tea, sea, peak, peas, leaf, beat, bean, seam, beach, cheap, read, lead, and feast.

Phonetic decoding of ea words:
1.     eat: /ē/+/t/
2.     tea: /t/+/ē/
3.     sea: /s/+/ē/
4.     peak: /p/+/ē/+/k/  
5.     peas: /p/+/ē/+/s/  
6.     leaf: /l/+/ē/+/f/
7.     beat: /b/+/ē/+/t/  
8.     bean: /b/+/ē/+/n/
9.     seam: /s/+/ē/+/m/
10.  beach: /b/+/ē/+/ch/ 
11.  cheap: /ch/+/ē/+/p/       
12.  read: /r/+/ē/+/d/
13.  lead: /l/+/ē/+/d/
14.  feast: /f/+/ē/+/st/      

Word list (ee) words:
Words made by the vowel combination -ee are:
bee, see, heel, seed, deer, feet, deep, weep, jeep, peel, free, sheep, three

Phonetic decoding of ee words:
1.     bee: /b/+/ē/
2.     see: /s/+/ē/
3.     heel: /h/+/ē/+/l/
4.     seed: /s/+/ē/+/d/
5.     deer: /d/+/ē/+/r/
6.     feet: /f/+/ē/+/t/
7.     weep: /w/+/ē/+/p/
8.     jeep: /j/+/ē/+/p/
9.     peel: /p/+/ē/+/l/
10.  free: /fr/+/ē/
11.  three: /thr/+/ē/
12.  sheep: /sh/+/ē/+/p/

Word list (ei) words:
Words made by the vowel combination -ei are:
Seize, ceiling, receive, conceit, perceive, receipt

Phonetic decoding of ei words:
1.     seize: /s/+/ē/+/z/ (e is silent)
2.     ceiling: /s/+/ē/+/l/+/i/+/ng/
3.     receive: /r/+/i/+/s/+/ē/+/v/ (e is silent)
4.     conceit: /k/+The Schwa+/n/+/s/+/ē/+/t/
5.     receipt: /r/+/i/+/c/+/ē/+/t/
6.     perceive: /p/+/The Schwa+r/+/s/+/ē/+/v/ (e is silent)

Word list (ey) words:
Words made by the vowel combination -ei are:
Key, alley, valley, money, honey, donkey, monkey, and geyser.

Phonetic decoding of ey words:
1.     key: /k/+/ē/
2.     alley: /a/+/l/+/ē/
3.     money: /m/+The Schwa+/n/+/ē/
4.     honey: /h/+The Schwa+/n/+/ē/
5.     monkey: /m/+The Schwa+/n/+/k/+/ē/
6.     donkey: /d/+/au/+/n/+/k/+/ē/
7.     geyser: /g/+/ē/+/z/+/The Schwa+r/

Other than the vowel teams mentioned above, some vowels such as e, i and y, as well as some vowel combinations such as ie, make the long e sound.
Word list (ie) words:
Words made by the vowel combination ie are:
Chief, brief, niece, piece, grief, siege, thief, priest, and field.

Phonetic decoding of ie words:
1.     chief: /ch/+/ē/+/f/
2.     brief: /br/+/ē/+/f/
3.     grief: /gr/+/ē/+/f/
4.     priest: /pr/+/ē/+/st/
5.     niece: /n/+/ē/+/s/
6.     piece: /p/+/ē/+/s/
7.     siege: /s/+/ē/+/j/
8.     thief: /th/+/ē/+/f/
9.     field: /f/+/ē/+/ld/

Word list (e, i and y) words:
Words made by the vowels e, i and y are:
Even, evil, ego, equal, baby, lazy, hazy, lady, ski, happy, city

Phonetic decoding of ie words:
1.     even: /ē/+/v/+The Schwa+/n/
2.     evil: /ē/+/v/+The Schwa+/l/
3.     ego: /ē/+/g/+long o
4.     equal: /ē/+/kw/+The Schwa+/l/
5.     lazy: /l/+long a+/z/+/ē/
6.     lady: /l/+long a+/d/+/ē/
7.     hazy: /h/+long a+/z/+/ē/
8.     baby: /b/+long a+/b/+/ē/
9.     happy: /h/+/a/+/p/+ /ē/
10.  city: /s/+/i/+/t/+/ē/

11.  ski: /sk/+/ē/

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